Phyllostachys nigra, is a scientific name of black Bamboo which is famous for its ebony-colored stalks, or culms. Phyllostachys nigra, is a scientific name ofBlack Bamboo black Bamboo which is famous for its ebony-colored stalks, or culms. It is a running bamboo, which spreads and grows rapidly going through underground rhizomes. This can cause black bamboo to be very invasive if it is not inĀ  control.