Haut-Medoc is one of the most prized regions of Bordeaux, including such well known appellations as Margaux, Pauillac and St Julien. It lies northwest of the city of Bordeaux. This was a marshy area until drained in the 1600s, but now produces some of the best wines in the world.
The red Medoc wines are created with Cabernet Sauvignon, often blended with Cabernet Franc and Merlot. The color tends to be a garnet/ruby shade. The flavor is typically a light one, with blackberry, black fruits, wood, and other notes. A classic Bordeaux is said to have a "cigar box" aroma to it. This should be served at 64F.
The region is distinctive for its gravelly soil. There are many who say the soil plays a great part in the outstanding flavors of the wines. There are around 9500 acres of vines planted in this area.
"First Growths" (Premiers Crus) of Medoc (red) Bordeaux (1855):